The Tahitian pearl is mainly produced in the Tuamotu and Gambier Archipelagos and the Cook Islands. The maturity period of the Tahitian pearl is 18 months. The “Pinctada Margaritifera
” can receive only one nucleus. The diameter of the Tahitian pearl varies between 7.5 mm and 16 mm. Its dominant colors are gray, green, blue and aubergine.
South Sea Pearls
The “Pinctada maxima
” found in Australia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Burma can receive only one nucleus. The average maturity period for South Sea pearls varies between 18 and 24 months. Their sizes range between 9 mm to 18 mm and their dominant colors are white, cream and yellow.
The cultivation period for the Akoya pearl varies between eight months and two years. Found mainly in Japan and China, the “Pinctada Fucata Martensii
” can hold up to five nuclei. The Akoya is usually round or oval in shape and its size varies between 2 mm to 10 mm. An Akoya pearl harvest naturally includes white, cream and yellow colors.
Fresh Water Pearls
The cultivation period for freshwater pearls varies between one to five years depending on the dimensions of the “Hyriopsis Chlegeli
” shells found in the seas of China and Japan. Between 40 and 50 grafts may be implanted in the mother-of-pearl. Freshwater pearls adopt a variety of shapes and their sizes vary between 2 mm to 10 mm.